Course Title:
Semester: 2nd
Weekly teaching hours CREDITS (ECTS)
Lecture: 1 2.5
Laboratory: 1 2.5


Theoretical classes:

  1. Laser and LED principles, designs and parameters.
  2. Basics of tissue optics.
  3. Laser-tissue interactions.
  4. Medical laser systems.
  5. Clinical aspects of laser applications.
  6. Biomaterials for Photonics.
  7. Bioimaging: Principles, Techniques and Applications.
  8. Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS).
  9. Optical Biosensors.
  10. Optics for the brain: Optogenetics

Learning outcomes

By the end of this course, students should be able to:

  • Demonstrate good understanding of fundamental principles of light interaction with biological systems.
  • Use the optical properties of tissue and calculate penetration depth of light.
  • Understand the concept of diffraction limit and its impact to biophotonics applications.
  • Following general approaches in biophotonics and develop complete solutions (instruments, protocols, and procedures) for specific biomedical problems e.g. imaging and diagnostics.
  • Understand the principles of optical biosensors.
  • Understand laser safety and able to perform safety calculations for specific lasers and their applications.
  • Understand basic operating principles of NIRS techniques through hands-on experiential learning.
  • Understand basic operating principles of Optogenetics

General Competences

  • Knowledge of Biophotonics Principles: Develop a solid understanding of the fundamental principles of light-matter interaction in biological systems and the application of optical techniques in biomedical research and healthcare.
  • Application of Optical Properties: Apply knowledge of the optical properties of tissues to calculate the penetration depth of light and make informed decisions regarding optical instrumentation and imaging modalities.
  • Problem-Solving Skills: Develop problem-solving skills to address biomedical challenges by applying biophotonics approaches and developing complete solutions, including the design of instruments, protocols, and procedures.
  • Understanding of Optical Biosensors: Gain a comprehensive understanding of the principles and operation of optical biosensors, enabling the development and implementation of biomedical sensing and diagnostic systems.
  • Laser Safety Knowledge: Understand the principles of laser safety and perform safety calculations for specific lasers and their applications, ensuring the safe and responsible use of laser technology in biophotonics.
  • Practical Experience with NIRS: Gain hands-on experience and a solid understanding of the principles and techniques of Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) for biomedical research and clinical applications.
  • Familiarity with Optogenetics: Develop a basic understanding of the operating principles and applications of Optogenetics, particularly in studying neural activity in the brain using light-based techniques.
  • Collaboration and Interdisciplinary Skills: Work effectively in interdisciplinary teams, collaborating with professionals from different fields, such as biology, optics, and medicine, to solve complex biomedical problems using biophotonics approaches.
  • Critical Thinking and Analytical Skills: Apply critical thinking and analytical skills to analyze and interpret biophotonics data, make evidence-based decisions, and communicate findings effectively.